A facile single-source approach to urchin-like NiS nanostructures

Publisher:
Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Materials Research Bulletin, 2010, 45 (7), pp. 766 - 771
Issue Date:
2010-01
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Highly regular urchin-like NiS architectures were synthesized on a large scale by solvothermal treatment of a single-source molecular precursor of nickel diethyldithiocarbamate [Ni(DDTC)(2)] at 180 degrees C. The urchin-like architectures, with an average diameter of similar to 16 mu m, were composed of single-crystalline NiS nanoneedles with a diameter of similar to 100 nm and a length of up to 8 mu m. It was revealed that the solvent medium can strongly affect the composition and crystal phases of the products, and a surfactant is crucial to form urchin-like patterns. Based on the experimental observations, a probable three-step growth mechanism is proposed to explain the formation of the urchin-like nanostructures. The optical properties were investigated by ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption spectroscopy. This simple and mild single-source solvothermal route may be expected to extend to fabricating other inorganic nano-/micro-superstructures with novel morphologies and complex architectures.
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