The spin-orbit interaction enhanced terahertz absorption in graphene around the K point

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Microelectronics Journal, 2009, 40 (4-5), pp. 857 - 859
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We present a quantitative analysis on the effect of the spin-orbit interaction in the optical absorption of π-electrons in graphene. It has been shown that the optical absorption amplitude of graphene around the K point in the Brillouin zone has a node in the two-dimensional Brillouin zone of honeycomb lattice. We calculated the k-dependent absorption matrix by taking into account the finite spin-orbit interaction in graphene. It was found that the spin-orbit interaction lifts the nodes in the absorption matrix. Furthermore, in the terahertz frequency regime, the spin-orbit interaction can significantly enhance the optical absorption in graphene, by up to 100%. Crown Copyright © 2008.
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