In-situ synthesis of Ni-Co-S nanoparticles embedded in novel carbon bowknots and flowers with pseudocapacitance-boosted lithium ion storage

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Nanotechnology, 2019, 30 (15)
Issue Date:
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© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd. We design a facile approach to prepare a bimetallic transition-metal-sulphide-based 3D hierarchically-ordered porous electrode based on bimetallic metal-organic frameworks (Ni-Co-MOFs) by using confinement growth and in-situ sulphurisation techniques. In the novel resulting architectures, Ni-Co-S nanoparticles are confined in bowknot-like and flower-like carbon networks and are mechanically isolated but electronically well-connected, where the carbon networks with a honeycomb-like feature facilitate electron transfer with uninterrupted conductive channels from all sides. Moreover, these hierarchically-ordered porous structures together with internal voids can accommodate the volume expansion of the embedded Ni-Co-S nanoparticles. The pseudocapacitive behaviours displayed in the NCS@CBs and NCS@CFs occupied a significant portion in the redox processes. Because of these merits, both the as-built bowknot and flower networks show excellent electrochemical properties for lithium storage with superior rate capability and robust cycling stability (994 mAh g-1 for NCS@CBs and 888 mAh g-1 for NCS@CFs after 200 cycles). This unique 3D hierarchically-ordered structural design is believed to hold great potential applications in propagable preparation of carbon networks teamed up with sulphide nanocrystals for high energy storage.
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