Energy-food-water security nexus in Vietnam

Publication Type:
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
The security of Energy, Food and Water (EFW) – basic human necessities – have lately emerged as a key policy challenge for the Vietnamese policy-makers. This research is premised on the argument that current policy focus for ensuring EFW security is deficient as it is based on siloed thinking, neglectful of the complex, multifaceted, interlinkages (nexus) between EFW, the economy, the society and the environment. An integrated approach to policy, informed by the nexus will therefore be needed to redress the security challenge. Against this backdrop, this research analyses the impacts of alternative developmental pathways (scenarios) on EFW security and the economic, social and environmental domains for Vietnam for the period 2014-2030. These scenarios represent different policy foci, for example; SC1-BAU (Business-as-Usual) Scenario representing continuation with existing policy trends; SC2 Scenario emphasising energy security; SC3 Scenario – food Security; SC4 Scenario – water security; SC5 Scenario – EFW security; and SC6 Scenario – EFW security with specific priority on the environment. Each scenario is underscored by its own technological, economic and other assumptions which are broadly in accord with the current or likely trends in Vietnam. The EFW security and wider impacts of each scenario are assessed in this research through the application of an EFW-security-extended input-output based integrated framework (model), specifically developed for this research. The analyses of these impacts suggest that continuation with existing policy trends will produce detrimental EFW security, and economic, social and environmental outcomes for Vietnam. SC2, SC3 and SC4 scenarios (emphasising energy, food and water security, respectively) will produce superior outcomes in their specific domains but inferior outcomes in other domains (for example, in the S2 scenario energy security will improve appreciably, but at the expense of food and water security). The nexus scenarios (i.e., SC5 and SC6), while producing the best overall EFW security and overall economy-wide outcomes, do offer distinctive choices. SC5 produces extremely positive EFW security and economic and social, but relatively inferior environmental (CO2 emissions), outcomes; SC6 on the contrary produces considerably positive EFW security, social and environmental outcomes, but relatively lower economic outcome (with approximately one percent lower GDP in comparison with SC5 scenario). Such insights into the impacts of various (nexus and non-nexus scenarios) and, more pertinently, associated trade-offs across the scenarios, should – it is contended – provide the Vietnamese policy makers a much robust platform to inform their policy choices to promote EFW security, while ensuring the much-needed socio-economic development of the nation.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: