Metal triflates are tunable acidic catalysts for high yielding conversion of cellulosic biomass into ethyl levulinate

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, 2019, 195
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
© 2019 Metal triflates and their mixtures with Brønsted acids are excellent catalysts for the selective and high yielding transformation of microcrystalline cellulose into ethyl levulinate, in ethanol, producing synergistic catalyst effects in some instances. The pretreatment of raw and unrefined cellulosic materials with a deep eutectic solvent enables similarly excellent catalysed conversion thereof into ethyl levulinate in superb yield (up to 75%) and selectivity (up to 88%). When using fermentation-derived ethanol, the product possesses 100% renewable content.
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