Direct measurement of quantum efficiency of single-photon emitters in hexagonal boron nitride

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Journal Article
Optica, 2019, 6 (8), pp. 1084 - 1088
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© 2019 Optical Society of America. Single-photon emitters (SPEs) in two-dimensional materials are promising candidates for the future generation of quantum photonic technologies. In this work, we experimentally determine the quantum efficiency (QE) of SPEs in few-layer hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN). We employ a metal hemisphere that is attached to the tip of an atomic force microscope to directly measure the lifetime variation of the SPEs as the tip approaches the h-BN. This technique enables nondestructive, yet direct and absolute measurement of the QE of SPEs. We find that the emitters exhibit very high QEs approaching (87 ± 7)% at wavelengths of ≈580 nm, which is among the highest QEs recorded for a solid-state SPE.
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