Absorption-emission symmetry breaking and the different origins of vibrational structures of the 1Qy and 1Qx electronic transitions of pheophytin a
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Journal of Chemical Physics, 2019, 151 (16)
- Issue Date:
© 2019 Author(s). The vibrational structure of the optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of the two lowest-energy singlet electronic states (Qy and Qx) of pheophytin a were carefully studied by combining low-resolution and high-resolution spectroscopy with quantum chemical analysis and spectral modeling. Large asymmetry was revealed between the vibrational structures of the Qy absorption and fluorescence spectra, integrally characterized by the total Huang-Rhys factor and reorganization energy in absorption of SvibA = 0.43 ± 0.06, λA = 395 cm-1 and in emission of SvibE = 0.35 ± 0.06, λE = 317 cm-1. Time-dependent density-functional theory using the CAM-B3LYP, ωB97XD, and MN15 functionals could predict and interpret this asymmetry, with the exception of one vibrational mode per model, which was badly misrepresented in predicted absorption spectra; for CAM-B3LYP and ωB97XD, this mode was a Kekulé-type mode depicting aromaticity. Other computational methods were also considered but performed very poorly. The Qx absorption spectrum is broad and could not be interpreted in terms of a single set of Huang-Rhys factors depicting Franck-Condon allowed absorption, with Herzberg-Teller contributions to the intensity being critical. For it, CAM-B3LYP calculations predict that SvibA (for modes >100 cm-1) = 0.87 and λA = 780 cm-1, with effective x and y polarized Herzberg-Teller reorganization energies of 460 cm-1 and 210 cm-1, respectively, delivering 15% y-polarized intensity. However, no method was found to quantitatively determine the observed y-polarized contribution, with contributions of up to 50% being feasible.
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