PD-1 disrupted CAR-T cells in the treatment of solid tumors: Promises and challenges
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, 2020, 121
- Issue Date:
© 2019 The Authors Unprecedented efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy in the treatment of hematologic malignancies brings new hope for patients with many cancer types including solid tumors. However, the challenges for CAR-T cell therapy in eradicating solid tumors are immense. To overcome these seemingly intractable hurdles, more “powerful” CAR-T cells with enhanced antitumor efficacy are required. Emerging data support that the anti-tumor activity of CAR-T cells can be enhanced significantly without evident toxicity through simultaneous PD-1 disruption by genome editing. This review focuses on the current progress of PD-1 gene disrupted CAR-T cells in cancer therapy. Here we discuss key rationales for this new combination strategy and summarize the available pre-clinical studies. An update is provided on human clinical studies and available registered cancer clinical trials using CAR-T cells with PD-1 disruption. Future prospects and challenges are also discussed.
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