A new broad specificity alkaline metalloprotease from a Pseudomonas sp. isolated from refrigerated milk: Role of calcium in improving enzyme productivity
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, 2015, 113 pp. 1 - 8
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© 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V. Metalloproteases represent the largest fraction of the global enzyme market. For biotechnological purposes the accumulation of product (i.e. productivity) provides the best measure of assessing enzyme performance because it takes into account the interplay between activity, stability, activation and inhibition. Studies assessing the productivity of alkaline metalloproteases and chemicals that improve their productivity have not previously been reported. In this study we report the specificity, productivity, kinetic and thermodynamic properties of an extracellular protease, purified from a new strain of Pseudomonas sp. isolated from refrigerated milk. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed the enzyme is a serralysin-type alkaline metalloprotease, with broad cleavage-site specificity. By studying the effects of Ca2+ ion removal (using a chelator) and Ca2+ ion addition, conditions were identified that led to an increase in productivity by 300% (6.3 vs 1.9 mg azopeptide μg-1 enzyme at 40 °C). The basis for the enhanced productivity was linked to elevated melting temperatures of secondary (Tm 47 vs 38°C) and tertiary structure (Tm 50 vs 44°C), increased half-life of inactivation (t1/2 30 vs 4.9 min), increased optimum temperature (44 vs 36°C), and changes in both catalytic activity (kcat 3.3 vs 2.2 min-1) and substrate affinity (Km 3.9 vs 2.5 mg mL-1). Thermodynamic data were indicative of Ca2+-binding causing the transition-state to be more ordered (less entropy) relative to the folded-state, thereby resisting a transition to an unfolded state. The specificity, kinetics and response to calcium of this AMP illustrate its potential usefulness for industrial applications, and the research highlights the broader potential for using calcium to enhance the productivity of proteases.
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