Molecular Analysis of an IncF ColV-Like Plasmid Lineage That Carries a Complex Resistance Locus with a Trackable Genetic Signature.

Mary Ann Liebert Inc
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Microbial drug resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.), 2020, 26, (7), pp. 787-793
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IncF ColV plasmids are important plasmid incompatibility group that are currently restricted to the Enterobacteriaceae. These plasmids carry an important repertoire of virulence-associated genes (VAGs) that contribute to the ability of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli to cause disease in poultry. VAGs found on ColV plasmids have also been linked to urosepsis and meningitis in humans but the mechanisms that elicit these disease conditions are not well understood. Recently we described the sequence of a ColV plasmid pSDJ2009-52F that carried the typical repertoire of VAGs and a complex resistance gene locus flanked by IS26, an insertion element that plays an important role in mobilizing antibiotic resistance genes on plasmids and genomic islands. We recovered complete ColV-like plasmid sequences from public databases that shared >80% sequence identity with pSDJ2009-52F in geographically diverse regions of the world over a 20-year timeframe. Previously we noted that pSDJ2009-52F carries a unique genetic signature in the class 1 integron within the complex resistance locus that was presumably created by the action of IS26. Here we show that most ColV-like plasmids that are closely related to pSDJ2009-52F also carry the same signature. Our studies provide insight into how these signature-bearing plasmids and the mobile genetic elements they carry traffic between E. coli sequence types over large geographic distances.
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