K2 Ti2 O5 @C Microspheres with Enhanced K+ Intercalation Pseudocapacitance Ensuring Fast Potassium Storage and Long-Term Cycling Stability.

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Journal Article
Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 2020, 16, (4)
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Benefiting from the natural abundance and low standard redox potential of potassium, potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) are regarded as one of the most promising alternatives to lithium-ion batteries for low-cost energy storage. However, most PIB electrode materials suffer from sluggish thermodynamic kinetics and dramatic volume expansion during K+ (de)intercalation. Herein, it is reported on carbon-coated K2 Ti2 O5 microspheres (S-KTO@C) synthesized through a facile spray drying method. Taking advantage of both the porous microstructure and carbon coating, S-KTO@C shows excellent rate capability and cycling stability as an anode material for PIBs. Furthermore, the intimate integration of carbon coating through chemical vapor deposition technology significantly enhances the K+ intercalation pseudocapacitive behavior. As a proof of concept, a potassium-ion hybrid capacitor is constructed with the S-KTO@C (battery-type anode material) and the activated carbon (capacitor-type cathode material). The assembled device shows a high energy density, high power density, and excellent capacity retention. This work can pave the way for the development of high-performance potassium-based energy storage devices.
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