Large Extracellular Cord Formation in a Zebrafish Model of Mycobacterium kansasii Infection.

Oxford University Press (OUP)
Publication Type:
Journal Article
The Journal of infectious diseases, 2020, 222, (6), pp. 1046-1050
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Mycobacterium kansasii is a slow-growing nontuberculous mycobacteria responsible for coinfections particularly in patients with human immunodeficiency virus. To date, our knowledge of M. kansasii infection has been hampered owing to the lack of an effective animal model to study pathogenesis. In the current study, we showed that the zebrafish embryo is permissive to M. kansasii infection, resulting in chronic infection and formation of granulomas. On macrophage depletion, we identified M. kansasii forms extracellular cords, resulting in acute infection and rapid larval death. These findings highlight the feasibility of zebrafish for studying M. kansasii pathogenesis and for the first time identify extracellular cords in this species.
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