Gas cascade amplification in ultra-high-resolution environmental scanning electron microcopy

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Microscopy and Microanalysis, 2010, 16 (6), pp. 805 - 809
Issue Date:
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We describe a feedback mechanism in the gas cascade amplification process used in magnetic immersion lens environmental scanning electron microcopy (ESEM). Feedback dominates gas gain under the conditions typically used for ultra-high-resolution ESEM and gives rise to novel dependencies of the imaging signal and noise on microscope operating parameters. It is ascribed tentatively to the generation of free electrons upon de-excitation of metastable species in the gas cascade. The results have implications for optimization of ESEM systems for applications such as critical dimension metrology and real-time imaging of nanostructure growth by gas mediated electron beam induced deposition. © Microscopy Society of America 2010.
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