Calibration and field application of a solvent-based cellulose membrane passive sampling device for the monitoring of polar herbicides.

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Chemosphere, 2008, 71 (4), pp. 611 - 620
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A passive sampler device selective for hydrophilic analytes was constructed from cellulose membrane (40microm thickness) pre-stained with ruthenium red for 96-168h to impede degradation of the cellulose. The sampling device consisted of pre-stained cellulose membrane tubing containing a binary mixture of the solvents 1-dodecanol and 2,2,4-trimethylpentane as the sequestering medium. A laboratory flow-through system was used to investigate the rates of uptake of herbicides into the solvent mixture of the device and their release. The target herbicides were diuron, atrazine, metolachlor and molinate. Uptake of the herbicides into the solvent mixture of the cellulose membrane device was linear for up to 22 days, and daily sampling rates were determined. Release half-lives from the solvent mixture of the sampling device varied from 14 days for diuron, 15 days for atrazine, 84 days for metolachlor and 28 days for molinate. A field study was undertaken to determine if herbicide concentrations in agricultural drainage water derived from the passive sampler devices deployed for periods from 7 to 22 days, using the laboratory-derived sampling rates, would compare closely with time-weighted average herbicide concentrations determined from extractions of daily composite water samples. The concentrations of diuron, atrazine, metolachlor and molinate determined using the cellulose membrane devices were within twofold of the cumulated mean of the daily drainage water extractions.
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