Prophylactic, therapeutic and immune enhancement effect of liposome-encapsulated PolyICLC on highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza infection

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Journal Article
Journal of Gene Medicine, 2011, 13 (1), pp. 60 - 72
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Background: In view of the magnitude and severity of outbreaks of the highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus (H5N1-HPIV) and the threat to public health, there is an urgent need to develop broad-spectrum prophylactic and therapeutic agents against infection by H5N1-HPIV and other subtypes. Methods and Results: In the present study, we explored the use of LE-PolyICLC, a liposome encapsulated double-stranded RNA, as a possible prophylactic, therapeutic and immune enhancement agent. In a mouse infection model, we showed that the administration of LE-PolyICLC intranasally before or shortly after infection could inhibit virus replication, leading to a significant reduction in pulmonary viral titres and a higher survival rate of infected mice. When used as a molecular adjuvant, LE-PolyICLC significantly enhanced both the humoral and cellular responses elicited by inactivated H5N1 vaccine and augmented the protective efficacy provided by vaccination. Most importantly, the data also demonstrate that LE-PolyICLC could effectively attenuate the development of pulmonary fibrosis during the restoration period at day 14 after H5N1 infection. +Conclusions: Taken together, the data obtained in the present study suggest that strong consideration should be given for the use of LE-PolyICLC as prophylactic and therapeutic agents and also as a vaccination adjuvant to combat highly pathogenic influenza infection and its associated complications such as pulmonary fibrosis. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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