A 3D bioprinted decellularized extracellular matrix/gelatin/quaternized chitosan scaffold assembling with poly(ionic liquid)s for skin tissue engineering.

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Journal Article
Int J Biol Macromol, 2022, 220, pp. 1253-1266
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Currently, a suitable bioink for 3D bioprinting and capable of mimicking the microenvironment of native skin and preventing bacterial infection remains a major challenge in skin tissue engineering. In this study, we prepared a tissue-specific extracellular matrix-based bioink, and dECM/Gel/QCS (dGQ) 3D scaffold assembling with poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) (dGQP) was obtained by an extrusion 3D bioprinting technology and dynamic hydrogen bonding method. The morphologies, mechanical properties, porosity, hydrophilicity, biodegradation, hemostatic effect, antibacterial ability, and biocompatibility of the hybrid scaffolds were characterized and evaluated. Results showed that the rapid release (2 h) of PILs on the dGQP scaffold can quickly kill gram-negative (E. coli) and gram-positive (S. aureus) bacteria with almost 100 % antibacterial activity and maintained a stable sterile environment for a long time (7 d), which was superior to the dGQ scaffold. The hemostasis and hemolysis test showed that the dGQP scaffold had a good hemostatic effect and excellent hemocompatibility. In vitro cytocompatibility studies showed that although the cell growth on dGQP scaffold was slow in the early stage, the cells proliferated rapidly since day 4 and had high ECM secretion at day 7. Overall, this advanced dGQP scaffold has a considerable potential to be applied in skin tissue engineering.
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