Polyhedral magnetite nanocrystals with multiple facets: Facile synthesis, structural modelling, magnetic properties and application for high capacity lithium storage

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Chemistry - A European Journal, 2012, 18 (2), pp. 488 - 497
Issue Date:
2012-01-09
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Polyhedral magnetite nanocrystals with multiple facets were synthesised by a low temperature hydrothermal method. Atomistic simulation and calculations on surface attachment energy successfully predicted the polyhedral structure of magnetite nanocrystals with multiple facets. X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and high resolution transmission microscopy confirmed the crystal structure of magnetite, which is consistent with the theoretical modelling. The magnetic property measurements show the superspin glass state of the polyhedral nanocrystals, which could originate from the nanometer size of individual single crystals. When applied as an anode material in lithium ion cells, magnetite nanocrystals demonstrated an outstanding electrochemical performance with a high lithium storage capacity, a satisfactory cyclability, and an excellent high rate capacity. Crystal class: Polyhedral magnetite nanocrystals were prepared by a low temperature hydrothermal method, in which multiple facets can be theoretically predicated (see figure). The as-prepared magnetite nanocrystals show a magnetic property of superspin glass state, and demonstrated an outstanding electrochemical performance for lithium storage in lithium ion cells. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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