Interrelationships between motility, c-AMP, respiration and calcium uptake of ram and boar sperm

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Journal Article
Animal Reproduction Science, 1987, 15 (3-4), pp. 189 - 207
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Uptake of radioactive calcium by washed ejaculated ram and epididymal boar spermatozoa was inhibited by theophylline and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (diBc-AMP) which increases cyclic AMP (c-AMP) levels in cells, by the uncouplers 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) and carbonylcyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCP), by sodium azide, rotenone and antimycin A and by ruthenium red and La3+. Nicotine, eserine and ouabain stimulated the calcium uptake of caput boar sperm and decamethonium inhibited it. Inhibition of calcium uptake was accompanied by a decrease in oxygen uptake in the case of the metabolic inhibitors (rotenone, antimycin A and sodium azide) and substances that interfere with cell calcium transport (ruthenium red and La3+). Respiration was increased in the presence of 2,4-DNP and CCP, and theophylline and diBc-AMP. The phosphodiesterase inhibitors (caffeine and theophylline), diBc-AMP, 2,4-DNP, bicarbonate ion and ouabain increased the motility of caput boar sperm. Most other substances depressed motility. The ionophore A23187 severely inhibited the motility of ram and boar sperm with an accompanying increase in their calcium and oxygen uptake which was largely unaffected by addition of inhibitors, activators and surfactants. This may be explained by the operation of competing mitochondrial and plasma membrane pumps. However, a selective increase in the permeability of the sperm plasma membrane on addition of the polyene antibiotic filipin released calcium accumulated in the presence of A23187. This provides further evidence for the lack of mitochondrial involvement in the influx of calcium produced by the ionophore. © 1987.
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