Amperometric detection of Enterobacteriaceae in river water by measuring beta-galactosidase activity at interdigitated microelectrode arrays

Elsevier Science Bv
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Analytica Chimica Acta, 2010, 677 (2), pp. 156 - 161
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Two simple methodologies are compared for the detection of faecal contamination in water using amperometry at gold interdigitated microelectrodes. They rely on the detection of beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) by redox cycling amperometry of the p-aminophenol (PAP) produced by the enzyme from the 4-aminophenyl beta-D-galactopyranoside (PAPG) substrate. The use of phages as specific agents for the release of the bacteria-enclosed enzyme allowed the detection of 6 x 10(5) CFU mL(-1) Escherichia coli in 2 h without any pre-enrichment or preconcentration steps. Better limits of detection were achieved for the second strategy in the absence of phages. In this case, bacteria were enriched in the presence of both beta-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and substrate but in the absence of phages. Under such experimental conditions, 5 x 10(4) CFU mL(-1) E. coli could be detected after 2 h of incubation, while 7 h of incubation were enough to detect down to 10 CFU in river water samples. This represents a straightforward one-step method for the detection of faecal contamination that can be conducted in a single working day with minimal sample manipulation by the user.
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