Voluntary post weaning exercise restores metabolic homeostasis in offspring of obese rats

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Journal Article
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 2013, 23 (6), pp. 574 - 581
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Aim: Physical exercise reduces obesity, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. We previously found that maternal obesity alters central appetite circuits and contributes to increased adiposity, glucose intolerance and metabolic disease in offspring. Here we hypothesized that voluntary exercise would ameliorate the adverse metabolic effects of maternal obesity on offspring. Methods and Results: Sprague-Dawley females fed chow (C) or high-fat diet HFD (H) were mated. Female offspring from C dams were weaned onto chow (CC); those from H dams recieved chow (HC) or HFD (HH). Half of each group was provided with running wheels (CCEX, HCEX, HHEX; n=10-12).Maternal obesity increased body weight (12%), adiposity, plasma lipids and induced glucose intolerance (HC vs CC; P<0.05). These were exaggerated by postweaning HFD (HH vs HC; P<0.01), showed doubled energy intake, a 37% increase in body weight, insulin resistance and glucose intolerance (HH vs HC; P<0.01). Exercise reduced fat mass, plasma lipids, HOMA and fasting glucose in HCEX (vs HC; P<0.05) and HHEX (vs HH; P<0.01). Values in HCEX were indistinguishable from CC, however in HHEX these metabolic parameters remained higher than the sedentary HC and CC rats (P<0.01). mRNA expression of hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin, and adipose tumour necrosis factor α and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 were reduced by exercise in HHEX (vs HH; P<0.05). Conclusion: While voluntary exercise almost completely reversed the metabolic effects of maternal obesity in chow fed offspring, it did not fully attenuate the increased adiposity, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance in offspring weaned onto HFD. © 2011.
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