Bottle feeding in the bed or crib before sleep time and wheezing in early childhood

Publisher:
American Academy of Pediatrics
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Pediatrics, 2002, 110 (6), pp. e77 - ?
Issue Date:
2002-01
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Objective. Bottle feeding in the bed or crib before sleep time has been associated with an increased risk of wheezing in the first year of life. We examined whether bottle feeding in the bed or crib before sleep time in the first year of life is associated with wheezing in the first 5 years of life. Methods. In a prospective cohort study of 448 children with parental history of atopy followed from birth, we examined the relation between the number of bimonthly parental reports of bottle feeding in the bed or crib before sleep time in the first year of life (range: 0-6 reports) and parental report of wheezing in the first 5 years of life. Additional outcome measures included recurrent wheezing (greater than or equal to2 episodes of wheezing in the previous year) and asthma (physician-diagnosed asthma and greater than or equal to1 episode of wheezing in the previous year) at the age of 5 years. Results. The risk of recurrent wheezing and asthma at 5 years of age increased significantly with each additional report of bottle feeding in the bed or crib before sleep time in the first year of life. The risk of wheezing between the ages of I and 5 years increased with each additional report of bottle feeding in the bed or crib before sleep time in the first year of life. As an example, a child whose parents reported bottle feeding in the bed or crib before sleep time on 3 occasions in the first year of life had 1.5 times higher risk of wheezing between the ages of 1 and 5 years than a child whose parents did not report bottle feeding in the bed or crib before sleep time in the first year of life (95% confidence interval for relative risk: 1.12-2.12). Conclusions. Among children with parental history of atopy, bottle feeding in the bed or crib before sleep time in the first year of life is a risk factor for recurrent wheezing and asthma at 5 years of age and a risk factor for wheezing between the ages of 1 and 5 years.
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