Enhanced hydrogen sensing properties of graphene by introducing a mono-atom-vacancy

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Journal Article
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2013, 15 (48), pp. 21016 - 21022
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To facilitate the dissociative adsorption of H2molecules on pristine graphene, the addition of a mono-atom-vacancy to graphene is proposed. This leads to reduction of the dissociative energy barrier for a H2molecule on graphene from 3.097 to 0.805 eV for the first H2and 0.869 eV for the second, according to first principles calculations. As a result, two H2molecules can be easily dissociatively adsorbed on this defected graphene at room temperature. The electronic structure and conductivity of the graphene change significantly after H2adsorption. In addition, the related dissociative adsorption phase diagrams under different temperatures and partial pressures show that this dissociative adsorption at room temperature is very sensitive (10-35mol L-1). Therefore, this defected graphene is promising for ultra-sensitive room temperature hydrogen sensing. © 2013 the Owner Societies.
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