Hydrogen adsorption capacity of adatoms on double carbon vacancies of graphene: A trend study from first principles
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 2013, 87 (1)
- Issue Date:
Structural stability and hydrogen adsorption capacity are two key quantities in evaluating the potential of metal-adatom decorated graphene for hydrogen storage and related devices. We have carried out extensive density functional theory calculations for the adsorption of hydrogen molecules on 12 different adatom (Ag, Au, Ca, Li, Mg, Pd, Pt, Sc, Sr, Ti, Y, and Zr) decorated graphene surfaces where the adatoms are found to be stabilized on double carbon vacancies, thus overcoming the "clustering problem" that occurs for adatoms on pristine graphene. Ca and Sr are predicted to bind the greatest number, namely six, of H2molecules. We find an interesting correlation between the hydrogen capacity and the change of charge distribution with increasing H2adsorption, where Ca, Li, Mg, Sc, Ti, Y, Sr, and Zr adatoms are partial electron donors and Ag, Au, Pd, and Pt are partial electron acceptors. The "18-electron rule" for predicting maximum hydrogen capacity is found not to be a reliable indicator for these systems. © 2013 American Physical Society.
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