Psammaplysin F: A unique inhibitor of bacterial chromosomal partitioning

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Journal Article
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2013, 23 (17), pp. 4862 - 4866
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Described is the antibiotic activity of a marine natural product. Psammaplysin F (1) inhibited the growth of four Gram-positive strains by >80% at 50 μM, and the amine at position C-20 is responsible for the observed antibacterial activity. When tested against two strains of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for psammaplysin F (40-80 μM) were similar to the structurally-related alkaloid psammaplysin H (2). Psammaplysin F (1) increased membrane permeability by two to four-fold compared to psammaplysin H (2) or control-treated bacteria, respectively. Unlike psammaplysin H (2), we show that psammaplysin F (1) inhibits equal partitioning of DNA into each daughter cell, suggesting that this natural product is a unique prokaryotic cell division inhibitor. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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