Control Of The Orbital Delocalization And Implications For Molecular Rectification In The Radical Anions Of Porphyrins With Coplanar 90 Degrees And 180 Degrees Beta,Beta '-Fused Extensions

American Chemical Society
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Journal Article
Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2008, 112 (3), pp. 556 - 570
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Through-porphyrin electronic communication is investigated using "linear-type" and "corner-type" bis(quinoxalino)porphyrins in free-base form and their Zn-II, Cu-II, Ni-II, and Pd-II derivatives. These compounds are porphyrins with quinoxalines fused on opposite or adjacent beta,beta'-pyrrolic positions; they were synthesized from 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)-porphyrin-2,3,12,13- and -2,3,7,8-tetraone, respectively, by reaction with 1,2-phenylenediamine. The degree of electron spin delocalization into the fused rings in the pi-radical anions of the free-base and metal(II) bisquinoxalinoporphyrins was elucidated by electrochemistry, UV-vis absorption, and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of the singly reduced species and density functional theory calculations. Hyperfine splitting patterns in the ESR spectra of the pi-radical anions show that symmetric molecules have delocalized electron spin, indicating, that significant inter-quinoxaline interactions are mediated through the central porphyrin unit, these interactions being sufficient to guarantee through-molecule conduction. However, when molecular symmetry is broken by tautomeric exchange of the inner nitrogen hydrogens in the free-base porphyrin with a corner-type quinoxaline substitution pattern, the pi-radical anion becomes confined so that one quinoxaline group is omitted from spin delocalization. This indicates the appearance of a unidirectional barrier to through-molecule conduction, suggesting a new motif for chemically controlled rectification.
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