Growth And Reproductive Biology Of Tarwhine Rhabdosargus Sarba (sparidae) In Eastern Australia

Publisher:
Csiro Publishing
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Marine And Freshwater Research, 2008, 59 (12), pp. 1111 - 1123
Issue Date:
2008-01
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The growth and reproductive biology of the commercially and recreationally important sparid fish, tarwhine (Rhabdosargus sarba), was examined from the coastal waters of New SouthWales (NSW), south-eastern Australia. Previous research on this species in other parts of theworld has yielded conflicting results concerning its growth and reproductive biology. Age estimates were made by counting opaque zones in otolith sections. The method was validated by marking the otoliths of captive fish with alizarin complexone, and also by marginal increment analyses using otoliths from wild-caught fish. Both sexes grew at a similar rate. Von Bertalanffy growth function parameters were: L =26.40 }0.40 cm fork length (FL), k=0.39 }0.02 year.1 and to=.0.56 }0.09 years. The maximum estimated age was 16.5 years. Spawning occurred from May to August with a peak in July. Both sexes matured at a similar size (L50 =19.44 }0.15 cm FL), which was larger than the current minimum legal length in NSW. Ovotestes were identified in adult tarwhine and were confirmed by histological analyses. Results of this study provided evidence that tarwhine are likely to be rudimentary hermaphrodites in eastern Australia and are more similar in growth rate, maximum size/age, and reproductive biology to tarwhine from Western Australia than those from other parts of the world.
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