Estimation of the curing rate of acrylamide used as a consolidant in heritage sandstone conservation

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Journal Article
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2014, 116 (2), pp. 619 - 624
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An investigation of the curing (polymerisation) rate of acrylamide was carried out using isothermal and non-isothermal DSC in order to estimate the time for complete conversion of monomer at ambient temperatures. The non-isothermal data were used to model the rate using integral isoconversional and incremental isoconversional kinetic methods. Applying the equations for integral isoconversional methods and extrapolating to ambient temperatures resulted in non-sensical conversion-time curves, where the time estimated decreased for increasing degree of conversion to be reached. This odd behaviour was attributed to the incorrectness of the integration where the kinetic parameters (e.g. The activation energy) are a function of conversion. The problem was addressed by applying incremental methods which provided more reasonable results as the integration is carried out over small conversion increments where the kinetic parameters are assumed to be constant. Estimates of the conversion were compared to isothermal measurements and, although isothermal DSC produced significant variability in the data, extrapolated estimates from non-isothermal kinetic analysis produced, at best, an upper boundary for the estimation of the time to reach a fixed degree of conversion. © 2014 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.
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