Invasive Species: Plants

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Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, 2014, pp. 66 - 77
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© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Invasive plant species impact on natural and agroecosystems on a global scale. Understanding and managing such species is a rapidly evolving area of research that integrates the disciplines of ecology, evolutionary biology, and ecophysiology. This article provides an overview of invasion biology, focusing on the nature of the invasion pathway and key processes that lead to ecosystem impact. Key principles are investigated further through discussion of the impacts of transgenic organisms on weed pressure, and likely future synergisms between climate change and invasive species. Comparative analysis of historical invasion patterns and other avenues for future research are also identified.
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