Simulation of within-canopy radiation exchange

Publisher:
Elsevier B.V.
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 2009, 57 (1 Special Issue), pp. 5 - 15
Issue Date:
2009-01
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Radiation exchange at the surface plays a critical role in the sui face energy balance, plant microclimate, and plant growth. The ability to simulate the surface energy balance and the microclimate within the plant canopy is contingent upon simulation of the surface radiation exchange. A validation and modification exercise of the Simultaneous Heat and Water (SHAW) model was conducted for simulating the sui face short-wave and long-wave radiation exchange over and within wheat, maize and soya bean plant canopies using data collected at Yucheng in the North China Plain and neat Ames. Iowa Whereas model testing was limited to monocultures and mixed canopies of green and senesced leaves, methodologies were developed for simulating short-wave and long-wave radiation fluxes applicable to a multi-species, multi-layer plant canopy Although the original SHAW model slightly under predicted reflected solar radiation with a mean bias en or (MBE) of -5 to -10 W m(-2), one would conclude that the simulations were quite reasonable if within-canopy measurements were not available However, within-canopy short-wave radiation was considerably under estimated (MBE of approximately -20 W m(-2)) by the original SHAW model Additionally, leaf temperatures tended to be overpredicted (MBE = +0 76 degrees C) near the top of the canopy and underpredicted near the bottom (MBE = -1 12 degrees C) Modification to the SHAW model reduced MBE of above canopy reflected radiation to -1 to -6 W m(-2) and within-canopy radiation simulations to approximately -6 W m(-2). bias in leaf temperature was reduced to less than 0 4 degrees C Model modifications resulted in essentially no change in simulated evapotranspiration lot wheat. 4.5% lower for maize and 1% higher for soya bean.
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