Li-ion adsorption and diffusion on two-dimensional silicon with defects: A first principles study

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Journal Article
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2013, 5 (21), pp. 10690 - 10695
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Using first principles calculations we investigate the binding and diffusion of Li on silicene and evaluate the prospects for application to Li-ion batteries. We find that the defect formation energy for silicene is half that of graphene, showing that silicene is more likely to contain defects. The overall lithium adsorption energy on silicene with defects is greater than the bulk cohesive energy of lithium giving stability for use in storage. Our results predict high mobility for lithium atoms on the surface of silicene with energy barriers in the range of 0.28-0.30 eV. Further, we find that the diffusion barrier through silicene is significantly lower than the diffusion barrier through graphene, with a value of 0.05 eV for the double vacancy and 0.88 eV for the single vacancy. The low diffusion barriers, both on the surface and through the hollow site, suggest a suitable material for use in Li-ion batteries. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
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