MHJ-0461 is a multifunctional leucine aminopeptidase on the surface of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Open Biology, 2015, 5 (1)
Issue Date:
2015-01-01
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© 2015 The Authors. Published. Aminopeptidases are part of the arsenal of virulence factors produced by bacterial pathogens that inactivate host immune peptides. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is a genome-reduced pathogen of swine that lacks the genetic repertoire to synthesize amino acids and relies on the host for availability of amino acids for growth. M. hyopneumoniae recruits plasmin(ogen) onto its cell surface via the P97 and P102 adhesins and the glutamyl aminopeptidase MHJ-0125. Plasmin plays an important role in regulating the inflammatory response in the lungs of pigs infected with M. hyopneumoniae. We show that recombinant MHJ-0461 (rMHJ-0461) functions as a leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) with broad substrate specificity for leucine, alanine, phenylalanine, methionine and arginine and that MHJ-0461 resides on the surface of M. hyopneumoniae. rMHJ-0461 also binds heparin, plasminogen and foreign DNA. Plasminogen bound to rMHJ-0461 was readily converted to plasmin in the presence of tPA. Computational modelling identified putative DNA and heparin-binding motifs on solvent-exposed sites around a large pore on the LAP hexamer. We conclude that MHJ-0461 is a LAP that moonlights as a multifunctional adhesin on the cell surface of M. hyopneumoniae.
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