A method to measure total atmospheric long-wave down-welling radiation using a low cost infrared thermometer tilted to the vertical

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Energy, 2015, 81 pp. 233 - 244
Issue Date:
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© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Atmospheric long-wave down-welling radiation is a fundamental element of climate change and of input to thermal simulation. Measuring long-wave radiation is needed to calculate locally total energy flows to the earth's surface and night cooling rates in urban precincts. It is an important parameter for the weather files used by energy building simulation software to calculate the thermal performance of buildings and their energy efficiency. Currently, atmospheric down-welling radiation is usually measured by a pyrgeometer, for radiation beyond 3μm. This is expensive and bulky. A simple methodology for measurement and calculation, with good accuracy, of average atmospheric long-wave down-welling radiation using a tilted, low-cost infrared thermometer is described. Tilt setting, comparison to data gathered by the pyrgeometer, and comparison of simulation studies with both data sets is described. A link of the magnitude of divergence between instant data pairs and radiant intensity is demonstrated and shown to depend on asymmetry in cloud density.
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