The metabolism of serotonin in neuronal cells in culture and platelets and their role in platelet aggregation

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Exp Brain Res, 2007, 183 pp. 411 - 416
Issue Date:
2007-08-08
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The aim of this study is to find a relationship between serotonin (5-HT) and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindol acetic acid (5-HIAA) in hippocampus, frontal neocortex and platelets. Serotonin and 5-HIAA were measured in cultured neurons and compared with those produced by human platelets. The cortical neuronal 5-HIAA/serotonin ratio was 4.7 and for hippocampal neurons it was 3.2. In human platelets, this ratio was 1.35 suggesting that the highest serotonin metabolism occurs in the frontal neocortex followed by the hippocampus and platelets. In the presence of 0.3 M of p-chlorophenylalanine both cultured neurons and platelets exhibited an approximately 50% decrease in serotonin and 5-HIAA concentration suggesting similarities in the metabolic profile in both preparations. In addition, we found that serotonin by itself does not play any role in platelet aggregation but potentates this phenomenon in the presence of calcium ionophore A23187. This synergistic interaction between serotonin (2–5 M) and A23187 (0.5–2 M) was inhibited by serotonin receptor blockers [methysergide (IC50 = 18 M) and cyproheptadine (IC50, 20 M)] and calcium channel blockers (verapamil and diltiazem, IC50 = 20 and 40 M, respectively) that indicate both mechanisms are receptor mediated. Similarly, U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C (PLC), blocked the synergistic effect of serotonin and ionophore at an IC50 value of 9.2 M. Wortmannin, a phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-K) inhibitor, also blocked the response (IC50 = 2.6 M) by inhibiting respiratory burst. However, neither genistein, a tyrosine-speciWc protein kinase inhibitor, nor chelerythrine, a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, affected aggregation. Our results are strongly suggestive of a synergistic interaction between serotonin type-2 and Ca-ionophore via a PLC/Ca signalling pathway.
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