Hybrid life-cycle assessment of algal biofuel production
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Bioresource Technology, 2015, 184 pp. 436 - 443
- Issue Date:
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© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. The objective of this work is to establish whether algal bio-crude production is environmentally, economically and socially sustainable. To this end, an economic multi-regional input-output model of Australia was complemented with engineering process data on algal bio-crude production. This model was used to undertake hybrid life-cycle assessment for measuring the direct, as well as indirect impacts of producing bio-crude. Overall, the supply chain of bio-crude is more sustainable than that of conventional crude oil. The results indicate that producing 1. million tonnes of bio-crude will generate almost 13,000 new jobs and 4. billion dollars' worth of economic stimulus. Furthermore, bio-crude production will offer carbon sequestration opportunities as the production process is net carbon-negative.
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