Genetic variation among age-classes of the mangrove Avicennia marina in clean and contaminated sediments

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2004, 49 (9-10), pp. 695 - 703
Issue Date:
2004-11-01
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An examination was made of the genetic variation with age in mangrove populations in two estuaries in south-east Australia, one contaminated, the other uncontaminated. Sediment nutrient and metal levels, and isozyme/allozyme complements were measured in three age-classes in four stands in each estuary, to identify site and intergenerational genetic composition, and influences of sediment contamination. Within each river, there were greater genetic distances among the age-classes than among sampling sites. A downstream gradient of genetic distance was found in the uncontaminated river, but not the contaminated one, where genetic distances seemed to reflect site-specific factors, though apparently not the present sediment metal or nutrient levels. It appears that genetic distances in the polluted river may reflect past fluctuations in pollution pressures. In both rivers, genetic distances indicate that the mangroves within one estuary form one population, with 'neighbourhood' differentiation. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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