Gas Transfer Controls Carbon Limitation during Biomass Production by Marine Microalgae

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
ChemSusChem, 2015, 8 (16), pp. 2727 - 2736
Issue Date:
2015-01-01
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© 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This study presents the first in-depth analysis of CO2 limitation on the biomass productivity of the biofuel candidate marine microalga Nannochloropsis oculata. Net photosynthesis decreased by 60 from 125 to 50 μmolO2L-1h-1 over a 12 h light cycle as a direct result of carbon limitation. Continuous dissolved O2 and pH measurements were used to develop a detailed diurnal mechanism for the interaction between photosynthesis, gas exchange and carbonate chemistry in the photo-bioreactor. Gas exchange determined the degree of carbon limitation experienced by the algae. Carbon limitation was confirmed by delivering more CO2, which increased net photosynthesis back to its steady-state maximum. This study highlights the importance of maintaining replete carbon concentrations in photo-bioreactors and other culturing facilities, either by constant pH operation or preferably by designing a feedback loop based on the dissolved O2 concentration. Just grow it: We present the first in-depth analysis of CO2 limitation on biomass productivity of the marine microalga Nannochloropsis oculata. Net photosynthesis decreases by 60 over a 12 h light cycle as a direct result of carbon limitation. Continuous dissolved O2 and pH measurements are used to develop a detailed diurnal mechanism for the interaction between photosynthesis, gas exchange and carbonate chemistry in the photo-bioreactor.
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