Carbohydrate epitopes are immunodominant at the surface of infectious Neoparamoeba spp

Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal Of Fish Diseases, 2007, 30 (4), pp. 191 - 199
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Amoebic gill disease, the main disease of concern to the salmon industry is Tasmania is caused by the amoeba Neoparamoeba spp. Experimental infection can onlybe induced by exposure to wild-type (WT) oarasites isolated from the gills of infected fish, as cultured amoeba are non-infective. To characterise the surface antigens of WT parasites, we produced monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) using subtractive immunization. Mice inoculated with non-infective parasites were treated with cyclophosphamide, to deplete reactive lumphocytes, and then immunized with different antigen preparations from infective parasites. When whole parasites were used for boosting the percentage of WT unique mAbs was very high (86%) as was the percentage of mAbs specific for carbohydrate pritopes (89%). When degloycosylated membranes were used, the numbers of mAbs spefic for non-carbohydrate spitopes id not increase, but the total number of WT unique mAbs was reduced (86-40%). Using an untreated membrane preparation, the total number of mAbs to surface molecules was very high, but all recognized carbohydrate epitopes. The total number of MAbs recognising carbohydrate epitopes on the surface of the WT parasites was 97%, suggesting that the dominant epitopes on the surface molecules unique to WT parasites are carbohydrate in nature.
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