Effect of river water, sediment and time on the toxicity and bioavailability of molinate to the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri (Microtox)
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Water Research, 2005, 39 (12), pp. 2738 - 2746
- Issue Date:
The toxicity and bioavailability of molinate to Vibrio fischeri (Microtox®) were determined in both laboratory and river water in the absence and presence of sediment after 0, 24, 48, 72 and 96-h exposure. The bioavailability of molinate, expressed as 5 min EC50s (bioluminescence) and their fiducial limits calculated using initial measured concentrations, to V. fischeri in laboratory water in the absence and presence of sediment ranged from 1.8 (1.7-2.1) to 3.6 (3.5-3.7) mg L-1and 1.3 (1.2-1.4) to 4.2 (3.5-4.5) mg L-1, respectively. The corresponding values in river water and river water plus sediment were 1.7 (1.6-1.8) to 3.8 (3.6-4.1) and 1.3 (1.3-1.4) to 4.6 (4.2-4.9) mg L-1, respectively. River water did not significantly (P>0.05) reduce the bioavailability of molinate to V. fischeri compared to that of laboratory water. However, the presence of sediment significantly (P<0.05) reduced the bioavailability of molinate to V. fischeri in both waters. The exposure time also significantly (P<0.05) reduced the bioavailability of molinate to V. fischeri in both waters in the presence and absence of sediment. The type of water did not significantly (P>0.05) affect the loss of molinate during the 96-h exposure period. However, the presence of sediment significantly (P<0.01) increased the loss of molinate from the test solutions, probably by binding to the sediment particles. Exposure period and concentration levels significantly (P<0.05) affected the loss of the herbicides over the 96 h. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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