Multi-chambered micro/mesoporous carbon nanocubes as new polysulfides reserviors for lithium-sulfur batteries with long cycle life

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Nano Energy, 2015, 16 pp. 268 - 280
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Achieving rechargeable batteries with high-energy density, long cycle life and excellent rate capability is of significant importance for a vast energy-consuming society. Lithium sulfur (Li-S) batteries, attracting extensive attentions, are regarded as one of the most promising energy storage system. However, Li-S batteries are facing big challenges, owing to the fast capacity degradation, low Coulombic efficiency and poor rate capabilities. By adopting a dual confinement strategy, we successfully synthesized homogenous poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) coated multi-chambered micro/mesoporous carbon nanocube encapsulated sulfur (P@CNC-S) composites. Sulfur is impregnated in individual interconnected multi-chambered micro/mesoporous carbon nanocubes, which act as the physical confinement and multilayered reservoirs for soluble lithium polysulfides. The PEDOT conductive polymer provide s chemical bondings to soluble lithium polysulfides. When applied as cathodes in Li-S batteries, the P@CNC-S composites exhibited superior performances, including high specific capacities, long cycle life and outstanding high rate capabilities. Ex-situ TEM analysis confirmed the successful confinement of the dissolution of lithium polysulfides and volume expansion of the discharged product (Li < inf > 2 < /inf > S), which could contribute to the high Coulombic efficiency and excellent cyclabilities.
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