Predicting the Crystal Structure and Phase Transitions in High-Entropy Alloys

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Journal Article
JOM, 2015, 67 (10), pp. 2375 - 2380
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© 2015, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Australia. High-entropy alloys (HEAs) have advantageous properties compared with other systems as a result of their chemistry and crystal structure. The transition between a face-centered cubic (FCC) and body-centered cubic (BCC) structure in the AlxCoCrFeNi high-entropy alloy system has been investigated on the atomic scale in this work. The AlxCoCrFeNi system, as well as being a useful system itself, can also be considered a model HEA material. Ordering in the FCC structure was investigated, and an order–disorder transition was predicted at ~600 K. It was found that, at low temperatures, an ordered lattice is favored over a truly random lattice. The fully disordered BCC structure was found to be unstable. When partial ordering was imposed (lowering the symmetry), with Al and Ni limited specific sites of the BCC system, the BCC packing was stabilized. Decomposition of the ordered BCC single phase into a dual phase (Al-Ni rich and Fe-Cr rich) is also considered.
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