A priori calculations of the free energy of formation from solution of polymorphic self-Assembled monolayers
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2015, 112 (45), pp. E6101 - E6110
- Issue Date:
Modern quantum chemical electronic structure methods typically applied to localized chemical bonding are developed to predict atomic structures and free energies for meso-Tetraalkylporphyrin self-Assembled monolayer (SAM) polymorph formation from organic solution on highly ordered pyrolytic graphite surfaces. Large polymorphdependent dispersion-induced substrate-molecule interactions (e.g., -100 kcal mol-1to -150 kcal mol-1for tetratrisdecylporphyrin) are found to drive SAM formation, opposed nearly completely by large polymorph-dependent dispersion-induced solvent interactions (70- 110 kcal mol-1) and entropy effects (25-40 kcal mol-1at 298 K) favoring dissolution. Dielectric continuum models of the solvent are used, facilitating consideration of many possible SAM polymorphs, along with quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical and dispersion- corrected density functional theory calculations. These predict and interpret newly measured and existing high-resolution scanning tunnelling microscopy images of SAM structure, rationalizing polymorph formation conditions. A wide range of molecular condensed matter properties at room temperature now appear suitable for prediction and analysis using electronic structure calculations.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: