Spiders of medical importance in the Asia-Pacific: atracotoxin, latrotoxin and related spider neurotoxins

Publisher:
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 2002, 29 (9), pp. 785 - 794
Issue Date:
2002-01
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The spiders of medical importance in the AsiaPacific region include widow (family Theridiidae) and Australian funnel-web spiders (subfamily Atracinae). In addition, cupboard (family Theridiidae) and Australian mouse spiders (family Actinopodidae) may contain neurotoxins responsible for serious systemic envenomation. Fortunately, there appears to be extensive cross-reactivity of species-specific widow spider antivenom within the family Theridiidae. Moreover, Sydney funnel-web antivenom has been shown to be effective in the treatment of mouse spider envenomation.
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