The testing of classical pulse concepts in Chinese medicine: Left- and right-hand pulse strength discrepancy between males and females and its clinical implications

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 2006, 12 (5), pp. 445 - 450
Issue Date:
2006-06-01
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Objectives and design: The use of the radial pulse as a diagnostic tool is an important part of the Chinese medicine (CM) clinical evaluation. This study reports the findings of an investigation into inter-arm pulse strength differences in subjects and the relationship to traditional pulse claims relating to gender. Method: Using a standardized pulse taking procedure and concrete operational definitions, two pulse assessors with a demonstrated high level of inter-rater agreement each assessed the overall left and right pulse strength and rated their findings on a standardized pulse form. Results: The overall percentage of inter-rater agreement for manual assessment of dominant hand was 86% (based on a cohort of 65 subjects). In relation to the three possible choices regarding dominant side (right, nei-ther, left) the right-hand side was most commonly selected as relatively strongest of the two regardless of gen-der (60% of males and 71% of females). Analysis of the data using Chi-square (II) found the observed frequencies for an assessor's rating of dominant hand in males were significantly different to those expected according to CM theory. Conclusions: The CM assumption of gender-related pulse-strength differences in left and right hand pulses was not supported within this study. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
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