Amoebiasis: current status in Australia

Publisher:
Australian Medical Association
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Medical Journal of Australia, 2007, 186 (8), pp. 412 - 416
Issue Date:
2007-01
Full metadata record
Files in This Item:
Filename Description Size
2006008502.pdf326.77 kB
Adobe PDF
Entamoeba histolytica is one of the most common parasitic infections worldwide, infecting about 50 million people and resulting in 40 000â100 000 deaths a year. In Australia, people at risk of infection include immigrants, travellers returning from countries of high endemicity, Indigenous people, and men who have sex with men. Clinical manifestations range from asymptomatic carriage to invasive disease. Amoebic colitis and amoebic liver abscess are the most common invasive manifestations observed in Australia. Diagnosis depends on a high index of suspicion and laboratory investigations. Molecular methods (using the polymerase chain reaction) are the most sensitive for identifying and differentiating Entamoeba species. Treatment should always include a luminal agent to eradicate colonisation, prevent spread and/or reduce the risk of invasive disease. Medical therapy can successfully cure invasive disease, including amoebic liver abscesses.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: