云南对外汉语教学的现状及发展趋势研究 = Teaching Chinese as a foreign language in Yunnan
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对外汉语教学是指对外国人的汉语教学。实际上，也包括对第一语言不是汉语的海外华人进行的汉语教学。对外汉语作为第二语言教学是一门综合的、交叉的学科，而这门学科也同时受着多门学科的启示和影响。随着这一学科的发展，全世界的学术界对其都越来越关注。 本文以云南省对外汉语教学的现状为主要研究对象，对云南省的对外汉语教学及其发展趋势进行了研究分析。本论文通过分析云南省对外汉语教学的现状，总结出云南省对外汉语教学所具有的优势、特点及其存在的问题。本文认为，云南对外汉语教学特有的优势有三，即与东南亚5国接壤的区位优势、丰富的少数民族文化优势和地方政府鼎力支持的政策优势。基于这些优势，云南省对外汉语教学形成了一些鲜明的特点，比如外国留学生到云南学习汉语留学目的呈现多样化、来自东南亚国家的留学生比重增大、云南省各高校到境外（东南亚）开展汉语教学的＂走出去＂计划初见成效等。本文也探讨了云南省对外汉语教学中存在的主要问题，诸如教学行政管理体制落后、对外汉语教学课程设置平面单一、对外汉语教学资源不足等。 总结得失利弊，为了未来更好的发展。本文为云南省对外汉语教学的未来发展提出了一些具体建议，包括转变陈旧的办学思想观念、建立全新的对外汉语教学管理体制存在的问题；进一步加强和整合云南省对外汉语教学教育资源、提高教学组织力；加强云南省对外汉语教学教育编写工作，突出云南边疆区域优势、突出东盟方向、突出云南少数民族文化特色。 As the term suggests, teaching Chinese as a foreign language means to teach Chinese to foreigners, as well as to the overseas Chinese whose first language is not Chinese. Teaching Chinese as a foreign language is a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary academic program which has been influenced and inspired by many other disciplines. As it develops, teaching Chinese as a foreign language has been attracting more and more attention from the academic world. This study focuses on teaching Chinese as a foreign language in Yunnan and provides an account and analysis on the current situation and trends in that area. It is an attempt to identify the advantages, characteristics and problems in teaching Chinese as a foreign language in Yunnan. It is argued in this study that there are three advantages in teaching Chinese as a foreign language in Yunnan, namely the geographical advantage (bordering with 5 ASEAN countries), the cultural advantage (rich and diversified cultures of ethnic groups) and policy advantage (strong supports from the local governments). Owing to these advantages, teaching Chinese as a foreign language in Yunnan has developed its own distinctive features, such as a great diversity in objectives among international students, large proportion of international students form the ASEAN countries, and the achievement of the "going out" strategy that provides programs in teaching Chinese as a foreign language abroad. In addition, this study also probes the major problems in teaching Chinese as a foreign language in Yunnan, such as the outmoded academic administration system and the limited resources. Some concrete suggestions have been made in this study for the future development in teaching Chinese as a foreign language in Yunnan, such as restructuring the teaching and administrative systems, enhancing the organizational ability of teaching and learning through further integration of teaching resources, and revision of teaching materials in the direction of putting more emphasis on the regional advantage of Yunnan in the areas of the strong bond with the ASEAN countries and the cultural diversities of the ethnic groups.
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