Investigation of the optical properties of hollow aluminium 'nano-caps'

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Nanotechnology, 2005, 16 (12), pp. 3023 - 3028
Issue Date:
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A colloidal suspension of hollow aluminium, cap-shaped nanoparticles ('nano-caps') can be conveniently produced by evaporation of aluminium onto a spin-coated layer of polystyrene nanoparticles (PSNPs), followed by sonication and dissolution of the polymer template. Although ordinary spherical aluminium nanoparticles have a plasmon resonance in the ultra-violet, the 'nano-caps' show plasmon absorption between 700 and 1200 nm due to their geometry. The position of their extinction peaks can be tuned by varying the thickness of the aluminium and the shape of the nano-cap. The optical properties of these shapes were modelled using the discrete dipole approximation method, which confirmed that the 'caps' have very significantly red-shifted absorbance and scattering compared to spheres. This finding suggests that aluminium nano-caps might compete with gold and silver nanoparticles in applications requiring absorption in the near infrared. © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd.
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