Biogenesis and Funciton of Type IV Pili in Pseudomonas Species

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Pseudomonas Volume 4: Molecular Biology of Emerging Issues, 2006, 1, pp. 139 - 188
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Type IV pili or fimbriae are non-flagellar, filamentous surface appendages that are associated with a number of biological activities in bacteria. These processes include a form of surface translocation termed twitching motility; bacteriophage sensitivity; attachment to biotic (bacteria, plant, animal) and abiotic surfaces; biofilm development; and the uptake of naked DNA by natural transformation. Many of these biological functions are reliant on the ability of these structures to extend and retract.
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