UV-induced modification of stress distribution in optical fibers and its contribution to Bragg grating birefringence

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Optics Express, 2008, 16 (12), pp. 8727 - 8741
Issue Date:
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This paper discusses the importance of stress-induced contributions to the photo-induced birefringence observed in fiber Bragg gratings. Optical tomography measurements are performed in exposed and unexposed fibers to extract the stress profiles induced by UV-writing of fiber Bragg gratings for various exposure levels. A photoelastic analysis and a high-order isoparametric finite elements method are then used to calculate the birefringence caused by stress profile modifications. The results are compared to the birefringence directly measured by spectral analysis of a chirped fiber grating with multiple phase-shifts. We can therefore estimate the fraction of the photo-induced birefringence due to stress-induced anisotropy following UV exposure. © 2008 Optical Society of America.
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