Search for the ideal lasmonic nanoshell: the effects of surface scattering and alternatives to gold and silver

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2009, 113 (8), pp. 3041 - 3045
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The optical absorption efficiency of nanospheres and nanoshells of the elements Na, K, Al, Ag, and Au are compared, and the effects of surface scattering, as introduced by the billiard model [Moroz, A. J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112 (29), 10641-10652] are discussed. We find that the introduction of surface scattering has comparatively little effect on the optimized absorption efficiency of nanospheres, with the maximum absorption efficiency of K nanospheres falling from 14.7 to 13.3. Conversely, the reduction in absorption efficiency in nanoshells is substantial. This effect is compounded in metals with higher plasma frequency. We show that the high comparative plasma frequencies in silver and gold result in a greatly reduced optimized absorption efficiency when compared to nanoshells in the absence of surface scattering. Whereas sodium and potassium, with low plasma frequencies, are not affected as much. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
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