Intraspecific variation in the selenium requirement of different geographic strains of the toxic dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum

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Journal Article
Journal of Plankton Research, 2000, 22 (3), pp. 421 - 432
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The requirement for selenium (iv) was assessed in five strains of the toxic dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum Graham, representing three populations from Tasmania (australia), as well as one each from Japan and Spain. Strains were grown in nutrient-enriched sea water medium with 10-9 M selenium added as selenite (H2SeO3), or with no added selenium, and monitored for growth and cell yield. Strains exhibited different selenium (se) requirements, as evidenced by (i) a decrease in exponential growth rate (10-20%) and cell yield (up to 80%) (Japanese strain); (ii) a decrease in cell yield only (Tasmania Derwent Estuary 1987, Tasmania Huon Estuary and Spanish strains); and (iii) no decrease in growth or cell yield (tasmania Derwent Estuary 1993 strain). Variation in the response to Se deficiency was greatest between the two strains isolated from the Derwent Estuary, Tasmania, in different years (1987 and 1993) and less between Tasmanian strains from different localities (huon and Derwent Estuaries are 50 km apart) or between Tasmanian and Japanese or Spanish strains. Strain variability in micro-nutrient responses such as described here may provide a partial explanation for different bloom patterns exhibited by the same dinoflagellate taxon under apparently similar environmental conditions.
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